Sirhowy Hill Woodlands

Scientific name: Fagus sylvatica


Common Beech is one of our most iconic trees, particularly in the woodlands of the south, such as those found in the Chilterns. Here, it grows tall and broad, turning a shining golden brown in autumn as its leaves die, and littering the woodland floor with its nuts (known as ‘mast’). Beech wood is used for furniture and ornaments, and, from the 18th century onwards, straight-trunked, uncoppiced trees became a more frequent site in woods and parks – ideal for timber.

How to identify?

Beech can be recognised by its shiny, soft oval leaves, smooth, grey bark, torpedo-shaped buds and its large, hairy fruit that contains the beech nuts.

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Scientific Name

Fagus sylvatica

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